FSSAI: Food Authority of India

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is a regulatory legal body authorized under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (FSS Act). Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India is the governing Ministry of FSSAI. It has the main Headquarters in Delhi. The FSSAI is responsible for maintaining the food quality & security in India. FSSAI role in food quality is crucial for food security. 

Landmark cases with FSSAI:

  • Nestle India Limited Maggi Case: The Maggi noodles reported with excess lead unfit for human consumption and FSSAI prescribed for the ban.
  • Cadbury India: It was stated that worms were found in Cadbury’s Dairy Milk. The FSSAI said the packaging was not proper or airtight and made it compulsory to change the packaging.


 No. 34 OF 2006 [23rd August 2006]- An Act to fortify the laws relating to food and to establish the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India for laying down science-based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale, and import, to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption and matters related therewith or incidental thereto.

Various Act for Food security in India

  • FSS Act, 2006 combines various acts & orders that had first handled food-related issues in different Ministries and Departments, such as–
  1. Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954
  2. Fruit Products Order, 1955
  3. Meat Food Products Order, 1973
  4. Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order, 1947
  5. Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order 1988
  6. Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992
  • These were revoked after the commencement of the FSS Act, 2006.
  • FSSAI was consequently built-in 2008 but work within the Food Authority finally began in 2011 after its Rules and key Regulations were notified.
  • This marked a transfer from a multi-level to a single line of control with a focus on self-compliance rather than a pure administrative regime.

FSSAI role in food quality

FSSAI name as Food Safety and Standards Authority of India. It plays an important role in controlling food quality. And ensure safety for customer satisfaction. Even, it deals in manages food manufacturing, processing, distribution, and storage. FSSAI works based on the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006. Also, it forms the measures to cut the toxic and hazardous elements of the environment. Therefore, following rules and regulations of FSSAI gives confidence to every customer of food security.

The packaging of the food product talks about product quality. In this way, it notifies the customer about safety standards. The manufacturers of food need to apply these standards to control food degradation. This is great to meet the confidence of the customer. Also, keep the food authorities satisfied. It may interest you in recognizing the new quality standards by FSSAI.

Consumers who are buying food products can submit a few scientific techniques to the government. The government needs to set standards according to the budget. As strict standards need more finance. So, it’s important to put in place those standards that come under its budget. All food products have different standards.The purpose is to assure the measures must implement which is an important particular food product. The public health must be of primary importance for the FBOs. Other violations involved such as fraud, adulteration, and misleading appeals to double-cross consumers must be prohibited.

Structure of FSSAI

  • The FSSAI includes a Chairperson and twenty-two members out of which one – third are to be women.
  • The Chairperson of FSSAI is designated by the Central Government.
  • The Food Authority is supported by Scientific Committees and Panels in establishing standards and the Central Advisory Committee in coordinating with enforcement agencies.
  • The prime responsibility for implementation is large with the State Food Safety Commissioners.
FSSAI role in food quality

Regulation under FSSAI 

Section 92 (1) of the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 enables the Food Authority to make regulations/standards inconsistent with this Act and Rules made thereunder. After the enactment of the FSS Act, 2006 FSSAI has selected six principal regulations by extensive consultation and deliberations/ meetings with various stakeholders. These regulations have been published in the Gazette of India on 1st August 2011 and came into force on 5th August 2011.

These regulations/standards are further analyzed and many new regulations are suggested taking into account the latest developments in food science, food consumption design, new products and additives, advancement in the processing technology and food scientific methods and also to bridge the gap among national and international standards for food products.

That formulation and revision of regulations/ standards involve different stages. After a suggestion by the Scientific Panel, following the proper process mentioned including validation by the Scientific Committee a regulations/ standards are certified by the Food Authority. After asking the comments of stakeholders and their considerations, the final notification is circulated for implementation.

In addition to the Six major regulations declared on 1st August 2011, following new regulations are apprised. These include:

  1. Food Safety and Standards (Food or Health Supplements, Nutraceuticals, Foods for Special Dietary Uses, Foods for Special Medical Purpose, Functional Foods and Novel Food) Regulations, 2016
  2. Food Safety and Standards (Food Recall Procedure) Regulation, 2017
  3. Food Safety and Standards (Import) Regulation, 2017
  4. Food Safety and Standards (Approval for Non-Specified Food and Food Ingredients) Regulations, 2017.
  5. Food Safety and Standards (Organic Food) Regulation, 2017.

Objectives of FSSAI role in food quality

  1. FSSAI outlines regulations to lay down the standards and guidelines about food articles & set up a proper system of executing several standards.
  2. It also frames tools and guidelines for the accreditation of certification bodies that are operating in the certification of food safety management system for food businesses.
  3. One of the major functions includes setting down procedures and guidelines for accreditation of laboratories and information of the certified laboratories.
  4. FSSAI also gives clear guidance and technical assistance to the Central Government and State Government in the cases of enlisting the policy and rules in areas that have a direct/indirect bearing of food safety and nutrition.
  5. It is also responsible for gathering data about food consumption, scope, and prevalence of biological risk, contaminants in food, trash of different contaminants in food products, identification of rising risks and adding the rapid alert system.
  6. This body is liable for generating an information network over the country so that the public, consumers, panchayats, etc. can get rapid, reliable and objective information on food safety and matters of concern.
  7. Inducting and managing training programs for people who are or wish to connect in the food business.
  8. It represents a large role in the growth of international technical standards for food, sanitary and phytosanitary standards
  9. In addition to this, it also elevates general awareness about food security and food standards.

Research and quality assurance

Research: The R&D department is accountable for research in the following purposes:

  • Generation of new knowledge which will help in continuously updating and enhancing food safety standards that are fit with international organizations.
  • FSSAI’s role in food quality is to carry out evidence-based studies to create or update policies.

Quality assurance: The committee has suggested that it must perform several functions linked to quality and standards of food. For this, FSSAI has set up several laboratories that are :

  • FSSAI notified NABL accredited labs- 112
  • State Labs- 72
  • Referral Labs- 14

Initiatives by FSSAI role in food quality

  • Heart Attack Rewind: Heart Attack Rewind is an initiative by FSSAI to eliminate trans-fat from India by the year 2022. This initiative campaigned across India.
  • FSSAI- CHIFSS: It being a collaboration between FSSAI and CII-HUL, it aims to promote collaborations between Industry, Scientific Community, and Academia for food safety.
  • Swasth Bharat Yatra:  It is a pan-India movement called ‘Eat Right India’, which was aimed to create consumer awareness about eating safe and nutritious food.

Customers part in food safety

  1. You must perform safety measures like washing hands before handling
  2. Store raw materials separate from the processed food
  3. Consuming the food articles within the designated time
  4. Examining the food ingredients according to their requirements

Way Forward

  • FSSAI must also bring the manufacturers under the responsibility of commanding food safety. The focus should be on covering each person in the supply chain for assessment of food manufacturing, storing and distribution.
  • FSSAI has recently notified the draft Regulations on Food Recall Procedure to guide Food Business Organisations (FBO). This will enhance the present regulatory system.
  • FSSAI and the state food authorities must conduct surveys of food business activity under their authority to assure a complete and secure database of FBOs and secure better enforcement and administration of the FSS Act.
  • Raising limits of compensation and fine in cases of injury or death and giving sufficient infrastructure such as food testing laboratories.
  • CAG has recommended that FSSAI should frame standard operating procedures on the formulation and review of standards, and ensure that these are being followed shortly.
  • There must be frequent appointments of Food consultants to ensure safety levels.
  • The food consultants must manage audits to investigate whether the food industry is complying with the food standards or not.
  • The government must interact with both the customers and the manufactures to ensure common understanding and for minimizing the misconceptions.


In conclusion, the food control safety measure is the requirement to bridge the gap between safe food and adulterated food. The food industry needs standards that are more flexible. And which is also efficient in producing and marketing food and thus ultimately serving the consumers with a protective sheet. FSSAI’s role in food quality is important for smooth functioning.

You could register for renewal, submit your form-A, Form-B central license, Form-B state license or complete your registration for FSSAI food license in Delhi by simply going to our website. Our experts will get in touch with you and fulfill your FSSAI registration needs within 10-15 days. You can also call us on +91 8750008844.

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Frequently Asked Question

What is an FSSAI license?

FSSAI license is required by an existing/new food business operators wishing to start a food business in India.

When should I get my FSSAI license renewed?

According to the Act, the application for renewal should be sent before 30 days of the expiry of the current license.
What is the penalty for food adulteration?
There guilty could be awarded life imprisonment and penalty of up to Rs.10 lakhs.

What are the types of adulteration?

• Milk adulteration
• Adulteration of fats and oils
• Food Grain Adulteration
• Other adulteration

What are the kinds of contamination?

• Chemical contamination
• Biological contamination
• Physical contamination

Which regulatory authorities are answerable for the implementation of the Food Act in India?

FSSAI or Food Safety and Standards Authority of India and State Food Authorities are responsible for the regulation and implementation of the Food Act in India.

What are the functions of the consumers in the case of food safety and security?

Safety steps are to be performed like washing hands before handling
1)Keep raw materials separate from the processed food
2) Consuming the food articles within the prescribed time
3)Analyzing the food ingredients according to their needs
4)Consumers of food products can also submit some specific scientific techniques to the Government

What is the part of the FSSAI safety officer?

The safety officers’ role is to ensure that the food products are safe for the consumers. The main duties of these officers involved:
• Inspecting food processing facilities
• Inspect procedures to ensure that applicable regulations are being followed.

What are the food safety and standards rule?

The organization of FSSAI has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006. It is a consolidating statute related to food safety and regulation in India. It is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.