Get Food License Instantly by filling up the FSSAI Registration Form Below
The FSSAI or Food Safety and Standards Authority of India was incorporated under the Food Safety and Standards Act (FSSA) of 2006. It consolidated various acts & orders that were previously applicable and used to handle food-related issues in different Ministries and Departments. The basic objective of formulating FSSAI has been to lay down science-based standards for items of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, sale, distribution, and import to ensure the availability of adulteration-free and wholesome food for human consumption.
“One Nation One Food Law”
To bring consistency across all the States, in enforcing food safety regulations and standards, the FSSAI initiated its “One Nation One Food Law” program. The regulator has leveraged infotech for implementation of identical standards for testing and sampling throughout various States and labs, in India.
- Ensure that investors and food businesses have a consistently positive experience across all States while dealing with the regulatory environment.
- Place a single reference point for all issues connected to food safety and standards, by moving from multi-departmental, multi-level control to a single line of command.
- Consolidate various laws.
- Regulate the manufacture, storage, packing, distribution, sale and import of food products.
- Ensure the availability of contamination-free and wholesome food for human consumption.
Goal of Establishing the Authority
FSSAI has been mandated by the FSS Act, 2006 to achieve the following purposes:
- Frame Regulations to set the Standards and Guidelines about food articles and specifying an appropriate system of enforcing different standards thus introduced.
- Establish mechanisms and guidelines for accreditation of certification bodies engaged in certifying efficient Food Safety Management System (FSMS) for food businesses.
- Establish procedures and guidelines for accreditation of laboratories and notification of the laboratories, accredited thus.
- Provide scientific guidance and technical assistance to different Governments and help in devising policy and rules in areas that have a direct or indirect bearing of food safety and nutrition.
- Collate and organize data about food consumption habits, scope, and prevalence of biological risks, contaminants in food, and residues of various contaminants in food products. Identification of rising risks and the induction of a rapid alert system.
- Formulate a network for information across the country so that the public, consumers, and Panchayats, may receive fast, credible and honest information about food safety and other issues of concern.
- Provide training programs to persons who are already involved or plan to get involved in food businesses.
- Contribute in the fields of development and supporting of international technical standards for food, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards.
- Promote public awareness about food safety and standards.
Choose From FSSAI Registration or License
Food Business Operators (FBOs) involved anywhere in the food supply chain need to apply for food licenses of different types to different authorities. This categorization is based on their turnover, scale of business and the kind of activity. Such businesses/units must apply for either of the Licenses (Central or State) or simply the Basic Registration. The rules are as follows:
FSSAI Basic Registration
This kind of Food Registration is to be applied to the State in which the business unit is located. Small FBOs or most Start-Ups are covered under this. Criteria for eligibility are as below for those units whose turnover does not exceed Rs. 12 lakhs per annum:-
- the production capacity of food (excluding milk or milk products and meat or meat products) does not exceed 100 kg/litres per day, or,
- procurement or handling & procurement of milk is up to 500 litres of milk per day, or,
- slaughtering capacity of 2 large animals or 10 small animals (including sheep and goats) or 50 or lesser poultry birds per day.
FSSAI State License
This is, generally, required by the mid-sized companies and units. Criteria are as follows:
- turnover anywhere between Rs. 12 lakhs to 20 crores per annum, or,
- production capacity of food (other than milk or milk products and meat or meat products) of up to 500 kg/litres per day, or,
- procurement or handling & procurement of milk is up to 5000 litres of milk per day, or,
- slaughtering capacity of anywhere between 2 to 50 large animals or 10 to150 small animals or 50 to up to1000 poultry birds per day.
FSSAI Central License
This is required by large businesses or units. Criteria for eligibility are:
- turnover of above Rs 20 Crores per annum, or,
- dairy units (including milk chilling units) equipped to handle or treat over 50,000 litres of liquid milk daily or 2500 metric tonnes of milk solid annually, or,
- Vegetable oil-producing units, processing units, and refineries (including oil expeller units) with an installed capacity of over 2 metric tonnes (MT) daily, or,
- All slaughterhouses equipped to slaughter more than 50 large animals or 150 or over small animals or 1000 or over poultry birds daily, or,
- Meat processing units equipped to handle or treat more than 500 kg of meat daily or 150 MT annually,
- 100 % Export Oriented Units (EOUs), or,
- Importers who wish to import food items (incl. food ingredients and additives) for commercial use, or,
- FBOs operating in more than one State.
Process of Basic Registration
- Every small FBO shall register itself with the Registering Authority (RA) by submission of an application form, along with the fees as applicable.
- A Unique Application Reference Number would be generated.
- RA may grant or reject the application – with reasons being recorded in writing. Within 7 days of the receipt of the application.
- On the grant, the FBO may commence the business operations.
- Or, if decided necessary, the RA may issue a report for inspection. This is ordered within 7-days. And the inspection is conducted within 30 days.
- If through the inspection, the inspecting FSO or agency is satisfied, the FSSAI number will be granted.
Procedure for FSSAI Food License (State or Central)
- Filing of Application Form no. B. All associated documents attached and fees paid, as applicable.
- Unique Application Reference Number is generated on this.
- Now, there are 3 ways possible:
- If FSSAI is content with the details provided in the application and the documents submitted, the FBO can commence its business operations.
- Or additional documents may need to be submitted or some other information, missing in the application, may be required. On submission, a unique application ID gets generated on this. Now, if no inspection is called for, the FBO may begin operations after 60 days. However, if an inspection is required, it would be conducted and a report issued. Now, the license will be given if all the formalities have been complied with, within 60 days. If in case, the inspection report is not processed, the FBO may begin the business after 60 days.
- Or the FBO gets an Improvement Notice. It will also mention a period within which the case is to be modified. If the issue is not resolved within that time period, the application would be held under suspension. And another date will be announced along with a penalty payable. If the issue is not revised still, the application will get cancelled. A new application can be filed only after 90 days from this cancellation.
Listed below are the documents mandatorily required to be submitted to get an FSSAI Food License or Registration:
Documents Common for all Types of FSSAI Certificate:
The documents that are necessary to be submitted by all FBOs, have been mentioned below. Whichever type of Certificate you are applying for. Basic Registration, State or Central License.
- Form A or Form B (Form – A for Basic FSSAI Registration & Form – B for State and Central FSSAI Registration) – completed and signed,
- 2 Passport Sized Latest Photographs,
- PAN Card of the Business Owner/Proprietor/Partner/Director,
- Proof of Possession of the Premises (Property Papers – for owned property. Utility bills (Electricity or water) or Rent Agreement – if the premises is on rent),
- Partnership Deed,
- Certificate of Incorporation or Articles of Association (AOA) of a company,
- The complete list of food items that the unit will be processing,
- The planned FSMS (Food Safety Management System). Applicable for FSSAI State or Central Food License only.
- Authority letter with name and address of responsible person nominated by the manufacturer and an alternative responsible person indicating the powers vested with them. Such as, assisting the officers in inspections, collection of samples, packing & dispatch. This is mandatory for manufacturers and processors, (applicable for Licenses only).
- Analysis report (Chemical & Bacteriological) of water to be used as an ingredient in food from a recognized/public health laboratory to confirm the portability. Mandatory for manufacturing and processing units. (applicable for Licenses only).
Documents for State Food License:
Below documents need to be attached with the application, other than the above-listed essential ones:
- A completed and signed Form no. B,
- Details of the Business Owner/Proprietor/Partners/Directors. And their Photo ID, Address Proofs, and Photographs,
- The planned layout of the location, and the proposed placement of the equipment,
- Possession Proof of the unit/premises,
- No-Objection-Certificate (NOC) from the premises owners. And their details,
- A copy of License from the manufacturers of the Equipment,
- List & Details about the Equipment already installed or planned to be installed,
- Food Products and their categories that are proposed to be handled,
Documents for Central Food License:
Other than the above-listed Common Documents, you need below:
- A completed and signed Form no. B,
- Details of the Business Owner/Proprietor/Partners/Directors. And their Photo ID, Photographs and Address Proofs,
- Proof of Annual Turnover,
- Layout of the proposed premises/unit. And the planned placement & installation of the equipment,
- Proof of Possession for the premises/unit,
- No-Objection-Certificate (NOC) from the premise’s owners. And their details, such as name & address,
- Copy of License from the manufacturers of the Machinery & Equipment,
- List and Details of the equipment planned to be installed or already installed at the premises,
- All Food Products with their categories that are proposed to be handled,
- Proposed System for Food Safety Management (FSMS),
- Water Report Analysis from a Government Accredited Laboratory,
- Source of procuring Milk, Meat & its processing unit, if applicable,
- NOC (No-Objection-Certificate) from the Local Authority, if applicable,
- If the operations are about Mineral or Carbonated water, then Pesticide Residual Report by a Government Accredited Laboratory,
- Import and Export Code (IEC), as applicable,
- Certificate from the Tourism Ministry, if applicable,
- Proof of Turnover for Vehicles, if applicable,
- No-Objection-Certificate (NOC) from FSSAI.
All businesses engaged in activities related to food, have to comply with the rules, as introduced and updated from time to time, by the FSSAI. These are statutory obligations that an FBO must meet. Food Authority conducts random inspections and tests the food articles or the process. During the inspection, the Food Safety Official (FSO) or the agency is authorized to examine the business premises, safety, and quality of the process or the food item. Or even the level of hygiene maintenance. He can check the working conditions along with the process of handling food by the operators, associates, and organization.
A level of compliance for the FBO is ascertained, using a checklist, based upon the provisions of the FSSAI. Using the checklist, the FSO marks a level for the FBO, as either:
- Compliance (C),
- Partial compliance (PC),
- Non-compliance (NC), or,
- Not applicable/Not observed (NA).
Thereby, a Notice for Improvement may be issued by the FSO or the inspection agency. It explains the place or steps where modifications need to take place. And a time duration is stipulated for these changes to be finished by. If the FBO fails to incorporate these adjustments, within the appointed time, a Show Cause Notice is given.
This Show Cause Notice provides a date of hearing. On which, the FBO has to explain why it could not make the improvements or changes. Documentary proof must be provided with the claim. If the proof gets rejected, or the FBO fails to reply to the Notice, by the hearing date, its FSSAI application will get canceled.
If the FBO has reasons to believe that the Notice of Improvement is biased or untrue, it can Appeal to the State Commissioner for Food Safety.
The decision of the State Commissioner is also not final. FBO can dispute it and approach the Food Safety Appellate Tribunal or the High Court to file the subsequent appeal. The decision of the tribunal or the court, however, is considered final.
If an FBO is observed Non-Compliant with the requirements of the FSSAI, it will get penalized. The penalty structure is constant and applies to everyone. Some of the FSSAI penalties for a non-compliant FBO are listed below:
- If an entity is operating without applying for the Food Safety certificate, this is punishable under the Act. The FBO may face custody and/or a penalty of up to Rs. 5 lakhs.
- If someone is selling sub-standard quality food product, a fine of up to Rs. 5 lakhs may be imposed. And the person responsible for the sales, either himself or by a person operating on his behalf, would be held liable.
- The FBO selling mis-branded food items, either himself or by a person acting on his behalf, may be imposed a fine of up to Rs. 3 lakh.
- For all the businesses selling/packing/storage/distributions or importing of Food Items containing superfluous or extraneous substance, a fine of Rs. 1 lakh may be imposed.
The fines and penalties listed above may vary on a case to case basis.
In extreme cases, where death has occurred due to consuming that particular Food Item, the punishment to the responsible FBO may extend to Rs. 5 lakh or even imprisonment, depending upon the gravity of the situation and how much harm has been caused.
Frequently Asked Questions
– vitamin, mineral and amino acids,
– food additives,
– botanical ingredients,
– nutraceuticals ingredients,
– health supplements,
– food for special dietary use,
– food for special medical purpose,
– specialty food containing plant or botanicals,
– probiotics and prebiotics
– foods containing probiotics,
– foods containing prebiotics, and
– novel food products.
The FSSAI provisions include:
– Food Recall regulation for the food articles or products that have been tested or prima facie considered unsafe,
– Removal of Food under Recall from various stages of the food chain,
– Announcement of information to the concerned consumers,
– Retrieval, Destruction or Re-processing of the Food Recalled.
To help in analyzing the occurrence of hazards and controlling them, at any stage involved in their business operations, FBOs should implement a valid Food Safety & Management System (FSMS) based on HACCP. It will ensure that their product remains safe and free from contamination during all processes.
(a) Fruits & Vegetables,
(b) Meat & Meat Products,
(c) Fish & Fishery Products,
(d) Dairy Products,
(f) Spices & Condiments,
(g) Nuts & Nut Products,
(h) Bakery & Confectionary,
(i) Fast Food Operations,
(j) Hotels & Restaurants, etc.
If you are not situated in Delhi and certain other states, you must submit a copy of the application duly signed with a copy of the fees paid, next to applying online.
If, however, the 30 days have also ended. Then your FSSAI number is expired, and you will have to take a fresh FSSAI food license.